When you name a table, a chair or a house in English,you don’t need to worry about its gender; however in french, every noun has a gender, and you need to know it. In french all nouns will be either masculine or feminine and there is no neutral. There are no real rules of logic to help you decide which article to use. Basically you will have to learn the gender by heart.
Now I will discuss 2 types of articles in french:Definite article and Indefinite article:
Definite Article: French has 4 forms of definite article (Le,La,Les,L’) corresponding to the english article “The”.Usage depends on the gender and number (singular,plural) of the noun. For example:
1)The boy=Le garçon (masculine singular)
2)The girl=La fille (feminine singular)
3)The houses=Les maisons (feminine plural)
4)The boys=Les garçons (masculine plural)
5)the man=L’homme (masculine singular);whether the noun is masculine singular or feminine singular we are going to write L’ if it is followed by a vowel or h muet.
French has 3 forms of indefinite articles (un,une,des) corresponding to the english articles “a/an” and “some”.Usage depends on the gender and number(singular,plural) of the noun. For example:
1)A boy=un garçon (masculine singular)
2)A girl=une fille (feminine singular)
3)Some houses=des maisons (feminine plural)
4)Some boys=des garçons (masculine plural)